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Russian Exodus

Photographs by Vova Pomortzeff

The cemetery at Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois near Paris is mainly known as the burial place of some of the most outstanding figures of Russian culture. Film director Andrei Tarkovsky, ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev, Impressionist painter Konstantin Korovin and Nobel Prize-winning novelist Ivan Bunin are buried here. Next to them, hundreds and hundreds of not so famous Russian emigrants have found their final resting place here. Almost all of them were forced to leave their homeland when they were young and spend the rest of their lives in exile. They survived many Soviet rulers, but never saw the renascence of Russia.

1. Captain Peter Ivanov, born on June 24, 1889, left Russia at age about 30, spent more than half a century in exile and died at age 84 on August 17, 1973, in the reign of Leonid Brezhnev.

 

2. Graves of Russian white émigré at Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois Cemetery near Paris, France.

 

3. Nicholas Petroff, born in 1892, left Russia at age about 28, spent more than half a century in exile and died at age 82 in 1974 in the reign of Leonid Brezhnev. His wife Helene Petroff, née Stankiewicz, born in 1899, left Russia at age about 20, spent almost half a century in exile and died at age 67 in 1966 also in the reign of Brezhnev.

 

4. Dmitry Gritsenko, born on June 3, 1887, left Russia at age about 33, spent almost 30 years in exile and died at age 62 on September 14, 1949, in the reign of Josef Stalin.

 

5. Alexandre Tchistiakoff, born on July 31, 1898, left Russia at age about 22, spent about 45 years in exile and died at age 66 on February 8, 1965, in the reign of Leonid Brezhnev. His wife Henriette Tchistiakoff, born in 1908, left Russia at age about 12, spent almost 80 years in exile and died at age about 90 in 1999 in the reign of Boris Yeltsin.

 

6. Anna Ivanova, born on June 10, 1876, left Russia at age about 45, spent more than 25 years in exile and died at age 71 on June 30, 1947, in the reign of Josef Stalin.

 

7. One of the Russian graves at Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois.

 

8. Fyodor Manturov, born on February 12, 1883, left Russia at age about 37, spent almost half a century in exile and died at age 83 on April 6, 1966, in the reign of Leonid Brezhnev.

 

9. Volunteer of the Russian Volunteer Northern Army Nikolai Kudryavtsev, born on December 6, 1888, in Opochka, the Pskov Governorate, left Russia at age about 32, spent more than 40 years in exile and died at age 74 on September 21, 1963, in the reign of Nikita Khrushchev. His brother Vasily Kudryavtsev, born on January 18, 1890, in the same place, left Russia at age about 30, spent almost half a century in exile and died at age 78 in 1968 in the reign of Leonid Brezhnev.

 

10. Alexei Nikolenko, born on March 17, 1889, left Russia at age about 30, spent about half a century in exile and died at age 80 on July 12, 1969, in the reign of Leonid Brezhnev.

 

11. Colonel Alexander Medinsky, born in 1890, left Russia at age about 30, spent almost half a century in exile and died at age about 80 on October 18, 1969, in the reign of Leonid Brezhnev. His mother Yuliana Medinskaya, both in 1867, left Russia at age about 53, spent 25 years in exile and died at age about 78 in 1945 in the reign of Josef Stalin. The third depicted person is obviously her husband Ivan Medinsky fallen during the Russian Civil War.

 

12. General Alexander Kutepov, born on September 28, 1882, in Cherepovets, left Russia at age 38, spent less than 10 years in exile and died at age 47 after being kidnapped by the Soviet secret services on January 26, 1930. His burial place is unknown. The grave at Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois is a cenotaph only.

 

13. Icon of the Virgin at one of the tombstones at Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois.

 

14. Yelizaveta Dubyago, née Kashina, born on August 14, 1899, left Russia at age about 20, spent more than half a century in exile and died at age 74 on August 12, 1974, in the reign of Leonid Brezhnev.

 

15. Junior Khorunzhiy of the Kuban Cossacks Panteleymon Lubenets, born on July 27, 1895 in the village of Kushchevskaya, the Kuban Province, left Russia at age about 25, spent almost 25 years in exile and died at age 51 on March 21, 1947, in the reign of Josef Stalin.

 

16. Tikhon Konstantinov, born on June 29, 1902, left Russia at age about 18, spent more than 70 years in exile and died at age 92 on March 8, 1995, in the reign of Boris Yeltsin. His wife Yekaterina Konstantinova, née Brailovskaya, born on November 10, 1899, left Russia at age about 20, spent more than 70 years in exile and died at age 93 on July 27, 1993, also in the reign of Boris Yeltsin.

 

17. Ballet dancer Alexei Yeltsov, born on March 17, 1884, left Russia at age about 35, spent almost 40 years in exile and died at age 74 on August 14, 1958, in the reign of Nikita Khrushchev.

 

18. Nina Matyukhina, born on June 4, 1889, left Russia at age about 30, spent more than 40 years in exile and died at age 71 on January 11, 1961, in the reign of Nikita Khrushchev.

 

19. Colonel of the Don Cossacks Ivan Uskov, born on February 10, 1881, left Russia at age about 40, spent more than 30 years in exile and died at 73 on May 21, 1954, in the reign of Nikita Khrushchev. His wife Yekaterina Uskova, née Lukashevitch, born on December 8, 1884, left Russia at age about 35, spent almost 30 years in exile and died at age 63 on May 10, 1948, in the reign of Josef Stalin.

 

20. Icon of Saint Alexander Nevsky at one of the tombstones at Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois.

 

21. Sister of Mercy Nina Sokolova, née Pałkiewicz, the date of birth isn't mentioned on the tombstone, spent almost 30 years in exile and died on October 3, 1959, in the reign of Nikita Khrushchev.

 

22. Lieutenant Maxim Lichinko, born on April 28, 1893, left Russia at age about 27, spent almost 40 years in exile and died at age 66 on March 2, 1960, in the reign of Nikita Khrushchev. His wife Natalia Lichinko, née Degtyareva, born on August 11, 1896, left Russia at age about 24, spent more than 40 years in exile and died at age 68 on May 9, 1965, in the reign of Leonid Brezhnev. Their daughter Olga Bricard, née Lichinko, born on October 28, 1918, left Russia at age about 2, spent almost all of her life in exile and died at age 81 on January 15, 2000, in the reign of Vladimir Putin.

 

23. Submarine command officer Vasily Merkushov, born on December 8, 1884 in Saint Petersburg, left Russia at age about 35, spent about 30 years in exile and died at age 35 on December 4, 1949, in the reign of Josef Stalin.

 

24. Colonel Alexander Klüge von Klugenau, born on November 1, 1881, left Russia at age about 40, spent about 45 years in exile and died at age 85 on February 23, 1967, in the reign of Leonid Brezhnev. His wife Olga Klüge von Klugenau, née Countess Tolstaya, born on February 12, 1890, left Russia at age about 30, spent almost 45 years in exile and died at age 74 on August 4, 1965, also in the reign of Leonid Brezhnev.

 

25. Lieutenant Vladimir Syrtsov, born in 1889, left Russia at age about 30, spent about 40 years in exile and died at age about 72 in 1961 in the reign of Nikita Khrushchev.

 

26. Pavel Sergeev, born on January 15, 1898, left Russia at age about 22, spent almost 30 years in exile and died at age 50 on August 17, 1948, in the reign of Josef Stalin.

 

27. Alexandra Maximova, born on February 28, 1890, left Russia at age about 30, spent almost half a century in exile and died at age 76 on January 24, 1967, in the reign of Leonid Brezhnev.

 

28. Graves of Russian white émigré at Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois Cemetery near Paris, France.

 

The photographs of this feature were shot in January 2013 at Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois Cemetery near Paris, France.

Copyright © 2013 Vova Pomortzeff

 
   
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